If anyone contributed to your book, this is also where their information would be listed under the heading entitled List of Contributors.
This section is not the same as the acknowledgments page although you are acknowledging the contributions of these people. It is more than a simple thank you
The List of Contributors includes relevant biographical information, like membership in certain organizations, current position demonstrating expertise in an area, academic affiliations or published works.
Contributors are listed in alphabetical order by last name but written in standard order. So Henry S. Pingleton is not written Pingleton, Henry S. but as Henry S. Pingleton and comes before Johnny Quimby and after Yori Oliver.
You might include editors, translators, publishers, agents, professional proofreaders, or professors in this section. Librarians and research assistants deserve their due as well. Don’t feel as if you have to include every publication each contributor wrote in this list. Instead, include the one or two most relevant to your book topic.
Assignment: Consider whether you need a formal List of Contributors or can get by with the more formal Acknowledgements.
A bibliography can also be called works cited, resources, sources or references. Whichever name you choose, this is a list of books, articles, web sites or other sources that have been consulted in the creation of the book. A bibliography can be alphabetized or organized by theme, topic, or order of appearance.
A bibliography provides credibility to your non-fiction (or occasionally fiction) book. It shows that you didn’t just pull this information out of the air. It also gives readers a place to start if they want to do more research on their own.
An annotated bibliography gives additional publishing information about the article or book, a text description of the source, and how it is relevant to the book.
For each article, excerpt or book used in your book you should list the title, subtitle, author, publisher or website, year and page number. This information is listed in MLA or APA style. Whichever source you choose, you need to be consistent in using it for every entry. Print and online sources are written slightly differently.
Bibliography entries are typically formatted using a hanging indent. The first line of the citation is not indented, but if the entry continues to a second or even third line, those are indented. Formatting in this way makes the list easier to skim.
In MLA, a print book is cited:
Last name of the author, First name of the author. Book Title in Italics. City of the publisher: Publisher, Year Published. 100-102. Print.
If the book was accessed online citation is made this way:
Last name of the author, First name of the author. Book Title in Italics. City of the publisher: Publisher, Year Published. Website Title in Italics. Web. Day Month Year accessed.
If you are citing a website:
Last name of the author, First name of the author. “Article Title in Quotes.” Website Title in Italics. Publisher of Website, Day Month Year article was published. Web. Day Month Year accessed. <URL>.
In APA, a print book is cited:
Last name of author, F. M. (Year Published) Book Title in Italics. City, State: Publisher.
If the book was accessed online citation is made this way:
Last name of author, F. M. (Year Published) Book Title in Italics. Retrieved from http://
If you are citing a website:
Last name of author, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published) ArticleTitle in Italics. Retrieved from http://
If you need help formatting your MLA or APA citation for your bibliography, EasyBib has a tool to assist you that you can access here.
Despite regular policy and algorithm changes, Facebook is where it is at. You would be remiss if you didn’t take advantage of this free way to get some publicity.
Facebook allows you to Like and Comment on other pages using your author profile. Your news feed is separate from your personal page. You won’t be penalized by Facebook when you share your awesome book. Facebook also gives you a way to analyze post engagement, which you don’t have with your personal profile.
First, you need to have a personal Facebook account. Once you have that all setup, you’ll have the option Create at the top. Click on that.
You’ll be given two options, Business or Brand and Community or Public Figure. As an author, you are a public figure, so choose that one. If you offer writing services, then you might want to pick the Business profile.
Type in your name, or pen name, and Author as the category. Add a profile and cover photo. Use your author headshot as your profile picture. Design something interesting with Canva for your cover photo that includes the cover of your book.
Invite people to like your page. Check out Facebook’s tips. Take a look at the settings and add what you need to. You can connect your Instagram account and author website too.
So what should you post? Anything you want! Try for a good variety of types of posts, images, articles, links to book reviews, author interviews and so on. Remember, the idea is to provide content interesting enough for people to follow and engage with you. Then, throw in a self-promotion post every so often.
Facebook has a paid ads option which will be useful once you’ve established a good social media base, so keep that in mind for future marketing sessions.
If your book is any kind of reference book, including cookbooks, you may wish to include an index. An index is an alphabetized list of terms which provides the page number or links to the words in the main text.
Unless you are indexing a proper noun, the index entry begins with a lower-case letter. If the entry is an acronym or abbreviation, spell it out in parentheses.
Try to use concrete nouns as index entries and be as specific as possible. For instance, in a book about herbal remedies, chamomile is a better entry than herbs with flowers.
When you want to cross-reference an entry with another use See also and list the alternate entry. Therefore after the entry chamomile, you might have See alsoherbs for sleep which lets the reader know that additional information about chamomile can be found under the entry herbs for sleep.
After the entry name, list the page numbers that the term can be found. Use a comma to separate the entry name and page numbers.Page numbers should be separated by commas and listed in numerical order. If you are including a page range, use a hyphen between the first and last page.
chamomile, 12, 36, 58-60. See also herbs for sleep
You can include tables and images in your indexing. To let the reader know that the page number refers to an image or table rather than text, then use italics or bold to differentiate the number. Make sure to include a note at the beginning of the index to the effect that “Page numbers in italics refer to images.”
If you have more specific terms under a general heading, indent the sub-categories.
Front and back matter do not need to be included in an index. Indexing is primarily for the main body of text in your book.
The index should be the very last writing you do for your book. You should wait to create an index until after you’ve done your final proofreading and editing. The reason for this is that changes in the text of your book will impact the index page numbers or links.
If you are not sure whether your book needs an index or not, then check other books similar to yours. Do any of them have indexes? Does it benefit the reader? How is it set up? What types of terms are included?
Also ask yourself if you have about 20 primary subjects worth indexing in your book or not. If you don’t, you probably don’t need an index at all.
The American Society for Indexing has an excellent resource about indexing that you can download here. You can find detailed instructions on how to create an index using Microsoft Word here. Pressbooks also gives instructions on how to set up an index with their platform here.
If you needed to get permission to include song lyrics, poems, images, quotations or even entire chapters, this is the section where an author gives credit where credit is due. Format the permission list in either MLA or APA style with the addition of what image or information is being referenced. Credits can be listed in alphabetical order or in order of appearance.
Works that are classified as public domain do not need permission to be reprinted. Examples of public domain material include general information, materials created and published by the U.S. government, expired copyrighted material or those that never had copyright.
You should assume that any work published in the United States first published after 1923 has a current copyright.
Prior to publication, you should have already obtained permission from the copyright holder by sending that person or company a written request for permission to reprint that material. You can usually find the owner and where to contact that person or company in the copyright notice section.
When you ask permission, you need to be specific about which rights you need and where the work will be reproduced. Consider:
Are you requesting exclusive rights to reproduce the creative work?
How long are your requesting permission to use it?
Is there a territory limitation?
Is the copyright owner asking for monetary recompense for its use?
Exclusive rights mean that the creative work under discussion is only to be used by you in your book. Non-exclusive rights allow the copyright owner to grant permission for use to other individuals or companies.
Permission can be granted for a limited time or for all perpetuity. Be clear on how long you expect to require permission to use the copyrighted item.
Sometimes permission can only be granted within certain geographic regions. Be sure to be specific where the image will be reproduced.
Often the copyright owner will request payment for use. The final amount may be negotiable. As a self-published author, you will have to decide how much you are willing to pay for the privilege.
If this seems like too much work, then simply don’t use copyrighted material. Instead, use your own work. If you need an image for your cover, design it yourself using a photo or formats found on Canva. Or you can use work that is available under the Creative Commons license which is free for public use.
Assignment: Verify that you do not need any permissions for any image or text in your book. If you do, set about obtaining the required permission.
If you have other books, this is the page where you want to promote them. Other Books by the Author is basically a second page to your About the Author bio.
You can make a simple list of titles or you can include a very brief synopsis for each. If you use a pen name, you should include those books under the heading “Written as A. Penname.”
For digital books, you should make clickable links that take the reader to your book on Amazon or to each book’s landing page on your website. Print books don’t have clickability so make sure you write out the full title of the book so that readers can search for your book on their own.
If you have a book that is comparable in theme to the current book or if you have a sequel, you could include a sample chapter as well. A sample chapter will whet readers’ appetites and leaving them hungry for more, which they can get by purchasing the entire book from the link you have conveniently placed at the end of the sample chapter.
The sample chapter should be short. It doesn’t even have to be the entire first chapter of the book you are featuring. A page or two, with a cliffhanger ending works best.
Assignment: Set up your Other Books by the Author page. Be sure to add new titles as you publish them and update older books with the new information.
The colophon appears at the very end of the book. It gives information about the printing and publishing process. It might mention the type of paper, ink or binding used to create the book.
The section Note on the Type could be included in this section or separately. It gives information about the font/typeface used in the book, possibly mentioning its characteristics and history.
Most self-published books do not have a colophon or a page dedicated to the typeface. However, they are worth some consideration. I’m sure you’ve read at least one book where the font changes from one chapter to another. That’s an example of an author (or editor) who did not take the time to look at his or her font.
Assignment: Imagine you are going to add a Colophon or Note on the Type to the end of your book. Check your book for font use consistency.
If your book is historical, you may want to include a chronology or timeline. Memoirs are other types of literature that benefit from the inclusion of a timeline.
A timeline provides the reader a way to keep track of certain important dates as the story progresses.
A chronology can be placed either in the front matter or back matter. If knowing the order of events is essential to understanding the story, include the timeline in the front matter.
Even if you don’t plan on including a timeline in your book, creating one often helps you organize your material better. There are many free templates available online or you could create one on Canva. Don’t be afraid to be creative!
Sometimes, in place of a dedication, an author will include an epigram. An epigram is a pithy statement that either has something to do with the inspiration behind the book or the content of the book. Many times they are written in rhyming verse.
The epigram has its own page and is typically centered and set off from the rest of the text with a different font, just like a dedication. If you include an epigram and a dedication, the dedication page comes first. Both pages will be on the right-hand side (recto) with a blank back page (verso).
You could write your own epigram or use an epigram from another source as long as it relates to your book.